Climate change

NB: This essay contains 460 words.

Climate is usually defined as the “average state of every day’s weather” in a place over a longer period of time. Climate change may refer to a long-term change in average weather conditions of a region over a significant period time. Nowadays it is the most discussing and pressing issue across the world. It is also the biggest problem of the human being. This long-term change in weather conditions is already happening and represents one of the greatest environmental, social and economic threats facing the earth.

Cause of climate change:
Causes of climate change can be divided into two categories ¬– one is related to natural processes and the other is related to human activity. Natural factors such as changes in volcanic activity, changes in solar output, and changes in the Earth’s orbit around the Sun are the causes of climate change. Human activities such as the burning of fossil fuels, environmental pollution, the conversion of land and forest for urbanization, deforestation, etc. are responsible for climate change. Climate change which is caused by human activity is often used to refer to global warming.
Impact of climate change:
Climate change has a far-reaching effect on the globe. Global warming is a much-talking impact of climate change. It is a long-term rise in the average temperature of the Earth’s climate system. The effect of it includes rising sea levels, regional changes in rainfall, more frequent extreme weather events such as heat waves, and expansion of deserts. It is already beginning to transform life on Earth. Day by day seasons is shifting in many countries. Temperatures are climbing and ice is melting faster and faster. Sea levels are rising. More heat-related illness and disease are growing. Storms are becoming stronger. Risks of drought are increasing. Landscapes are changing in the globe. All these things are happening in the globe as a result of climate change.

We can prevent the worst effects of climate change by taking a few steps. The first way to prevent climate change is to use alternatives to fossil fuels. Solar, wind, biomass and geothermal, etc can be suggested as renewable energy. Encouraging better use of natural resources, stopping massive deforestation and growing more trees are the other steps to find the remedy of the effect of climate change. People should be encouraged to plant trees more instead of cutting down trees indiscriminately.
The climate is a very important thing. We should keep harmony between nature and human beings. Then the life on the earth will be healthier and cleaner. So, to check climate change we need to plant more trees. We should stop environmental pollution. In this regard, rich countries must come forward. Otherwise, our planet will face many problems very soon due to climate change.


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