Completing sentence

The following completing sentence includes references to various aspects such as conditional, conjunction, gerund, participle etc. To complete the incomplete part of a sentence, one should have an idea about these things mentioned here. The general introduction, usage and rules of completing sentence are mentioned below.

Structure 1 : Too…to –

Sub + verb +too + adj. /adv + to + verb …..

The man is too old to work.

You are too short to touch the roof

The student is too dull to understand the matter.

Structure 2: Too… to –

Sub + verb + too + adj. + for +objective case + to + verb…

The problem was too hard for them to solve.

The scenery is too interesting for us to overlook.

The dress was too tight for me to wear.

Structure 3 : Enough to –

Subject + verb + adj. /adv. + enough (for noun/ pronoun) + to + verb+…

Mr. John is wealthy enough to buy an expensive house.

The load is light enough for the boy to lift.

The bus is fast enough to reach the destination.

Structure 4: So + adj. + that –

.…So + adj. + that + subject + can not / could not + verb +…

The man was so ill that he could not move an inch.

Many farmers are so poor that they cannot keep body and soul together.

Many people of Bangladesh are so poor that they cannot afford their children’s education.

Structure 5So that/ in order that –

Subj. +verb … so + that + Subject + may/ can/ might /could + main verb…….

We eat so that we can live.

We study hard so that we can pass the exam.

Work hard so that you can become rich.

She worked hard so that everything would be ready in time.

Structure 6Lest –

…….lest + subject + should/might + main verb+………

Work attentively lest you should make mistake.

He walked fast lest he should / might miss the class.

Study hard least you should fail in the exam.

Structure 7: Unless –

Unless + Clause 1 (Subordinate clause), + Clause 2 (Principal clause)

Unless you read attentively, you will fail.

Unless you start now, you will miss the bus.

Come at once unless I phone you.

Structure 8:  Until / Till  –

Clause 1 (Principal clause) until / till + Clause 2 (Subordinate clause) +

Wait until the rain stop.

Wait for me until I come back.

Rajib’s mother will be nursing him till he comes round

Structure 9: Although / Though –

 Although / though + Clause 1 (Subordinate clause), + Clause 2 (Principal clause)

Although / though the box is heavy, I can lift it easily.

Though he has not studied well, he has passed the examination.

Though he is week, he will play today.

Structure 10:  Since / As / Because –

Since / as / because + Clause 1 (Subordinate clause) + Clause 2 (Principal clause)

As / since /because his father was ill he had to do the shopping that day.

As / because / since he was ill he could not attend the meeting.

Structure 11 : If (Conditional) –

If + Present tense (Subordinate clause), + Future tense.

If it rains, we shall not go.

If he wants, I shall help him.

If you heat water to 100 degree, it will boil.

Structure 12:  If (Conditional) –

If + Past Indefinite tense (Subordinate clause), + sub + could/ would/ might + main verb + object.

If he came, I would go.

If they wanted, we would help them.

If I had a type writer, I would type the letters.

Structure 13 : If (Conditional) –

If + Past perfect tense (Subordinate clause) + S + would / could/ might + have + verb – Past Participle + Object

If I had seen him, I might have told him the news.

If he had tried, he would have succeeded.

If I had requested him, he would have helped me.

Structure 14 : If (Unreal conditional) –

If + S + were + O (Subordinate clause), I + could /would/might + Verb +…….

If I were a king, I could help the poor.

If I were you, I would not do this.

Structure 15:

Had + sub + Verb Past Participle, S + would/ could + have + verb -Past Participle + ….

Had I seen him, I would have given him the news.

Had they wanted, I would have helped them.

Had I possessed a vast property, I would have established a college.

Structure 16 :

No sooner had + Sub+ verb-past participal +. …. than + Sub + verb-past form +….

Scarcely had ……………when

Hardly had ………………when

No sooner had I gone out than he came.

Scarcely had we reached the station when the train left.

Hardly had I finished writing when the teacher took away my exam script.

Structure 17 : It is time/It is high time –

 It is time/It is high time + to + verb (Infinitive) +……….

It is time to start the work.

It is time to leave the place.

It is time for us to attack the enemy.

Structure 18: It is time/It is high time –

 It is time/It is high time +Subj. + Past subjunctive +……….

It is time we changed our life.

It is high time we started our journey.

It is time we earned money for living.

Structure 19:  Relative Pronoun – (Who, Why, Whom, Whose, That)

 I saw the man who has stolen my pen.

This is the house that he wants to buy.

The boy whom you meet yesterday is my brother.

Shana is my friend whose sister is a doctor.

Structure 20:   Because of / On account of /owing to/ due to  + noun/noun phrase

Everybody loves him because of his honesty.

On account of his illness he could not attend the meeting.

The writer dared not drive at night due to fog.

Structure 21: Either …or:

Either Rahim or Karim has broken the plate.

You should study hard to be either a doctor or an engineer.

I will gift him either a book or a dairy.

Structure 22: Neither …nor:

The flood affected people were given neither food nor shelter and medicine.       

The employee is neither active nor intelligent.

Structure 23: Since –

  • Present Indefinite/ Present perfect (clause 1)  + since + Past Indefinite (clause 2)  
  • Past Indefinite (clause 1)  + since + Past perfect (clause 2)  

It is many years since I met you.

I have lived in the village since I was twelve.

It is two years since I have seen him.

It was long since we had seen you last.

It was many years since we had visited Mahasthan garh.

It was long since we had come together.

Structure 24: As if/ As though –

  • Present Indefinite/ Present perfect (clause 1) + as if/ as though + Past Indefinite (clause 2)   
  • Past Indefinite (clause 1) + as if/ as though + Past perfect (clause 2)  

Mr. Faisal walks as if / as though he were ill.

Sahabuddin speaks as if/ as though he were a millionaire.

Robi spoke as if / as though he had been a minister.

Reza behaved as if / as though nothing happened.         

Structure 25: Would you mind + (verb + -ing) + …

Would you mind taking a cup of tea?

Would you mind moving a bit?

Would you mind giving me your pen?

Structure 26: The + comparative…, the + comparative…

The more one gets, the more one wants.

The more you read, the more you learn.

The older she is, the wiser she becomes.

The sooner you will start, the sooner you will finish the task.

Structure 27: Let alone –

He cannot pass third division, let alone first division.

Jerry cannot walk one kilometer, let alone five kilometers.

Structure 28: Without + gerund ………

Without working hard you cannot succeed.

Without reading more you cannot pass the exam.

Structure 29: By + gerund ………

By taking physical exercise regularly you can keep your body fit.

By following the rules of health you can keep good health.

Structure 30: In case –

Go to information desk in case you misguide.

He saves money in case he falls in financial crisis.

He carried an umbrella in case it rained.

Completing sentence Completing sentence

Related term of completing sentence:

Tag question of complex sentence

Tag question of imperative sentence

Right form of verb

What is tense