There are different types of noun.
- Proper Noun
- Common Noun
- Material Noun
- Collective Noun
- Abstract Noun
- Countable Noun
- Uncountable Noun
A proper noun is a noun representing the name of a particular person, place or thing.
Name of Person : Tuhin ,John, Zing, Rahim , Sahin, etc
Name of things : Titanic , January, Sunday, Quran , Gita , Moon etc
Name of place : Dhaka , London, America , Kolkata etc.
Characteristics of proper noun:
- Proper nouns are not normally preceded by an article or modifier (such as any or some),
- Proper noun denotes a particular person, place, or object
- Proper nouns are initially capitalized.
NB: Unique objects like Earth, Moon , Sun etc are preceded by article ‘the’ and are considered as singular noun.
Common noun is the general names of a class of persons, places or things or ideas. It is common to each member of class of persons or things.
People:- man, girl, boy, mother, father, child, person, teacher, student.
Animals:- cat, dog, fish, ant, snake.
Places:- school, city, building, shop.
Things:- book, table, chair, phone.
Ideas:- love, hate, idea, pride.
Characteristics of common noun:
- Common nouns are represented in the singular and plural form.
- Common nouns are represented by lower case letters.
- Common noun can be preceded by the definite article (the)
Difference between Proper noun & Common noun
A common noun is the name of general person, place or things and groups. like cow, rice, mountain, road, people, horse, phone.
.Examples: I went to the city.
The man was kind.
A proper noun is the name of a specific person, ,thing or place .
Always capitalize the first letter of a proper noun.
Examples: I went to San Francisco. Mr. Brown was kind .
If there is an article before a proper noun, then it is a common noun.
- Everybody loves his mother.
- She will be a mother
- What an affection of you, Mother!
Here in the first and second sentences, the word “mother” is a common noun. In the third sentence, the word “mother” is a proper noun.
Collective noun :
A collective noun refers to a collection or group of objects taken as a whole where objects can be people, animals, emotions, inanimate things or concepts.
It is, in fact, a “collection” of similar things, entities that can be grouped together based on similar/identical characteristics.
Characteristics of collective noun:
- If a collective noun is used as a subject of a sentence then it takes singular verbs.
- If a collective noun is divided into separate person or thing then it takes plural verb.
- A flock of birds is flying.
- A team of players goes. But; The class are divided into two division.
- A band of robbers has come here.
Material noun :
A material noun is a name of word which indicates a matter or substance as a mass and does not indicate any part or number of it.
- Material noun takes singular verb
Example : Water is essential to life. Gold is a precious metal . Salt has a particular taste.
Abstract noun :
An abstract noun is a noun that indicates some abstract idea or quality. They have no physical existence; you can’t see, hear, touch, smell or taste them. But they can only be imagined.
Example : honesty , boyhood , justice , happiness etc are all abstract nouns.
Generally, article does not come before an abstract noun. But if an abstract noun refers to any quality or idea of a specific person or thing, article ‘the’ is used before them.
Kindness is a noble virtue. The kindness of Hazarat Muhammed (s) is known to all.