Definition: Adjective is a part of speech that modifies a noun and noun phrase in a sentence. In a sentence, it provides semantic role to change the information given by the noun. It limits or restricts the meaning of nouns in the sentence. Usually adjective comes right before a noun.
She married an American lady.
His conduct is not bad.
Babies need sufficient milk for nutrition.
These goods have come from Russia.
Either of the two girls has done this
This is book which you gave me.
She lives in the second floor of this apartment.
There are five pens here; which do you want?
Position of adjectives
1. Before a noun: young woman, second floor, American lady
2. After the linking verb BE, BECOME, SEEM, STAY, LOOK:
Your ideas are interesting.
The wind became strong.
Books are expensive.
She looks happy.
The weather wills stay dry.
3. With some specific verbs after the object:
My sister keeps her room tidy.
4. The + adj. =: the young; the rich, the English, The poor
Types of use
- Attributive use: Adjective is used before a noun to directly modify noun.
[Adj + Noun +………]
the blue sea, the old man, happy children, a good boy
2. Predicative use: Adjective is used as a predicate form after a noun to qualify subject.
[Noun …………. +. Adj. ]
The sea is blue. The man is old. The children are happy.
3. Nominal adjectives: It is the case when an adjective is used to indicate a collective group.
Let’s consider an example of a phrase, such as the poor people becomes the poor.
Here the adjective poor is nominalized, and the noun people disappears. There are more examples like the poor, the rich, the wise, the virtuous, etc.
In the rich, the poor…, the adjectives rich and poor function as nouns denoting people who are rich and poor respectively.